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If you do not accept our terms, Copyright terms, the procedures and details for permissions, and for and of contacting our service, or do not accept and agree to our disclaimer, we ask that you discontinue use of this service.

Our terms, copyright, permissions procedures, contact details and procedures, and disclaimer, may change at any time, and the most recent of these is the one you agree to abide by each time you use our service, or any aspect of our work.


The contents and design and layout of this site are copyrighted. All Rights are Strictly Reserved. However, South African law, often allows for what is known as fair use, so long as the source is given, at least as far as the facts of news are concerned. Our service is bound by South African law.


We, and all affiliates disclaim any damage, or harm caused, whether economic, or non-economic, patrimonial or non-patrimonial, or any other loss or damage caused, through use of this site, its information, or any aspect of our service: in any manner whatsoever. Use of this site and our service is entirely at your own risk. If you use it, you agree that we are not responsible for any damage, or harm caused, whether economic, or non-economic, patrimonial or non-patrimonial, or any other loss or damage caused, through use of this site, its information, or any aspect of our service.

For the sake of this disclaimer, the words we, us, our and other such references refer to both us, and all associated with our service.

We further disclaim any injury, or expense caused by use of or reliance, in any manner whatsoever, on our services, or any aspect of our work. We do not claim or guarantee that any information on this site is correct, truthful, accurate, unbiased or complete.

Links to other sites, or articles, or references of other works, do not in any way constitute endorsements of these. We do not guarantee the accuracy of or character or reliability of any external links. We further do not guarantee that sites linked to or things, bodies or persons human or corporate, real or judicial, are in fact what they or we claim they are. We do not guarantee that information linked to will be useful or truthful. We disclaim and are not responsible for any damage, loss, injury, or  harm caused by use of external sites. Use external sites at your own risk.

Quotations do not necessarily represent our views or the views of any connected with us. Quotations are not necessarily from the source we claim it to be from.

The views expressed on this site, are not necessarily our views. The editor is not responsible for, and does not necessarily endorse the views of those whose articles, views, comments, or letters we publish, we do not necessarily endorse the contents of what we publish. We further are not necessarily associated in any way with those whose views we may publish. It must not be assumed that we have an official relationship with any other service.

Our contents, views, news, and analysis must not in any circumstances be viewed as legal, ecclesiastical, financial, medical or any other form of professional advice.


Should you wish to reproduce any aspect of this site, apply to our editor or webmaster, or the author of a work in writing. Permissions are temporary, and may be revoked, unless it is otherwise explicitly stated by the webmaster or editor, or author of a work. Should we revoke permissions, all copies of our work in your possession, must be removed, or destroyed.


In contacting us, you give us permission to publish any and all communication by default, unless otherwise is explicitly stated.We do not guarantee not to publish information or correspondence with our service, we have been noted for publishing threats made against our service. We may take legal action should correspondence be sufficiently concerning to us.

Should you contact us, make sure that you directly note which service or site you are contacting us in relation to, it would be advisable to also give a url and article or page title if in relation to such. Do not contact us with hate speech, illegal information or requests, or with slander, libel or defamation. In accordance with the  RICA: Regulation of the Interception of Communication Act Amendment Act, the South African state, in certain circumstances has access to state mandated archives kept of electronic communications made through South Africa. Know that your communications to our service may not be private.

Contact us at: with any information, or tip-offs. for permissions. for queries, or  communication involving this or other sites. to send letters to the editor, note that you give us full permission to publish these. to send private comments you do not desire to be published.

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Dad; Husband; Christian (Catholic); Irish. — News; Business; History; Civilizations; The Western World; Speech; Culture; Law. (Pronounced: Aw-Pea-Air.)